|UOP 1039-20 - 1.7.2020|
This method determines the loss on ignition (LOI) in air, using a specified ignition temperature and time, for fresh, regenerated, used, and spent catalysts, catalyst supports, and molecular sieves of various shapes and sizes using an automated Thermogravimetric Analyzer (TGA). This method is quantitative down to 0.1 mass-%. The method is not water specific; any components that volatilize at the selected ignition temperature, for example, carbon, chlorine, and fluorine, are also included in the LOI value. Some components may volatilize fully or partially depending on ignition time and temperature (e.g. sulfates). Mass gains are possible with catalysts that contain reduced metals.
The criteria for selecting the temperature and time for the LOI are based on the composition of the sample and the expected volatility of the impurities. Examples are listed in Procedure, Table 1. Length of time at temperature is dependent on the application of the LOI value. For example, it is important to drive off defined volatiles, such as halogens, for the determination of platinum concentration.