ASTM/ISO 51707-15 - 1.1.2015
Significance and Use

4.1 All measurements, including dose measurements, have an associated uncertainty. The magnitude of the measurement uncertainty is important for assessing the quality of the results of the measurement system.

4.2 Information on the range of achievable uncertainty values for specific dosimetry systems is given in the ISO/ASTM standards for the specific dosimetry systems. While the uncertainty values given in specific dosimetry standards are achievable, it should be noted that both smaller and larger uncertainty values might be obtained depending on measurement conditions and instrumentation. For more information see also ISO/ASTM 52628.

4.3 This guide uses the methodology adopted by the GUM for estimating uncertainties in measurements (see 2.4). Therefore, components of uncertainty are evaluated as either Type A uncertainty or Type B uncertainty.

4.4 Quantifying individual components of uncertainty may assist the user in identifying actions to reduce the measurement uncertainty.

4.5 Periodically, the uncertainty should be reassessed to confirm the existing estimate. Should changes occur that could influence the existing component estimates or result in the addition of new components of uncertainty, a new estimate of uncertainty should be established.

4.6 Although this guide provides a framework for assessing uncertainty, it cannot substitute for critical thinking, intellectual honesty, and professional skill. The evaluation of uncertainty is neither a routine task nor a purely mathematical one; it depends on detailed knowledge of the nature of the measurand and of the measurement method and procedure used. The quality and utility of the uncertainty quoted for the result of a measurement therefore ultimately depends on the understanding, critical analysis, and integrity of those who contribute to the assignment of its value (JCGM 100:2008).

1. Scope

1.1 This standard provides guidance on the use of concepts described in the JCGM Evaluation of Measurement Data – Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement (GUM) to estimate the uncertainties in the measurement of absorbed dose in radiation processing.

1.2 Methods are given for identifying, evaluating and estimating the components of measurement uncertainty associated with the use of dosimetry systems and for calculating combined standard measurement uncertainty and expanded (overall) uncertainty of dose measurements based on the GUM methodology.

1.3 Examples are given on how to develop a measurement uncertainty budget and a statement of uncertainty.

1.4 This document is one of a set of standards that provides recommendations for properly implementing dosimetry in radiation processing, and provides guidance for achieving compliance with the requirements of ISO/ASTM 52628 related to the evaluation and documentation of the uncertainties associated with measurements made with a dosimetry system. It is intended to be read in conjunction with ISO/ASTM 52628, ISO/ASTM 51261 and ISO/ASTM 52701.

1.5 This guide does not address the establishment of process specifications or conformity assessment.

1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.